Lamb Wave Generation with EMATs

Lamb waves are similar to longitudinal waves, with compression and rarefaction, but they are bounded by the sheet or plate surface causing a wave-guide effect.

Electromagnetic-acoustic transducers (EMAT) designed to generate Lamb waves vibrate the atoms within the material being investigated. When a wire is placed near to the surface of an electrically conducting object and is driven by a current at the desired ultrasonic frequency, eddy currents will be induced in a near surface region. If a static magnetic field is also present, these currents will experience Lorentz forces of the form

$F=J\times B$

F is the body force per unit volume, J is the induced dynamic current density, and B is the static magnetic induction.