Eddy Current Instruments

Eddy current equipment is usually composed of a probe, a device to control the frequency, and a device for reading the signal.Eddy current instruments can be purchased in a large variety of configurations. Both analog and digital instruments are available. Instruments are commonly classified by the type of display used to present the data. The common display types are analog meter, digital readout, impedance plane and time versus signal amplitude. Some instruments are capable of presenting data in several display formats.

The most basic eddy current testing instrument consists of an alternating current source, a coil of wire connected to this source, and a voltmeter to measure the voltage change across the coil. An ammeter could also be used to measure the current change in the circuit instead of using the voltmeter.

Eddy current coils are used to detect defects in materials.

While it might actually be possible to detect some types of defects with this type of equipment, most eddy current instruments are a bit more sophisticated. In the following pages, a few of the more important aspects of eddy current instrumentation will be discussed.